Philadelphia. Printed for Seddon, Spotswood, Cist and Trenchard. 1787. Disbound with several pages loose, one with fraying at the fore edge with minor loss. Pages dog-eared with occasional foxing and small stains. Engraving of candle case trimmed at right edge, costing the border line. Plan of the "Ancient Works" removed from the Magazine and laid down on tissue with residual staining and roughness in lower margin and some minor staining. Item #3388
This Columbian Magazine was one of the first successful magazines in the United States. This issue includes what are "thought to have been the first description and plan of an American earthwork ever published" (American Anthropologist, Vol 10, p. 343.). Nearly two pages of the Magazine are devoted to an "Account of Some Remains of ancient Works, on the Muskingum..." by Captain Jonathan Heart of the First American Regiment. Heart, a Yale graduate and officer in the American Revolution, served in the forces raised by Congress for protection of the then-Western frontier. During this service, Heart produced the account and plan of the ancient Indian works located near present-day Marietta, Ohio. Heart died at age 43 in an Indian attack near Fort Recovery, Ohio. The plan -- with a key for circular mounds, walls, caves and graves -- details an area about one-half mile from the east bank of the Muskingum River at Marietta. For the plan: Wheat & Brun, Maps and Charts Published in America before 1800: 663.